Polish films of the 1990s can hardly be called quality cinema. But they tell us a lot about the dreams, expectations and aspirations of the transition to liberal democracy.
The PiS party itself is not decidedly anti-Ukrainian. However, fearing its most radical voters, they don’t want to appear enthusiastic towards Ukraine or Ukrainian workers, and the anti-Ukrainian fraction in the party is growing stronger.
Why do more established immigrants hate new immigrants?
The challenges facing the region are multiplying and Eastern Europe is increasingly polarised.
A contemporary Polish film and the controversy surrounding it highlight the painful nuances of Ukraine and Poland’s mutual past.
Kaja Puto tries to understand how Western is the East, and how Eastern is the West.
As Gombrowicz wrote: “The War,” I say. He says: “The War.” Say I: “The war.” He to this: “The War.” So I to him: “The War, the war.”